Every year, November 26 is celebrated as Constitution Day. On this date, the nation’s Constituent Assembly formally approved the current constitution.
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Samvidhan Divas, or National Constitution Day, is celebrated every year on November 26. This day came into existence in the year 2015. Constitution Day commemorates the adoption of the Constitution of India by independent India.
This day was established in 2015 to commemorate the 125th birthday of BR Ambedkar, the head of the constitutional drafting committee.
Interesting Facts About the Indian Constitution
- No doubt, our Indian Constitution is the largest written constitution in the world. It has a preamble, 22 parts with 448 articles, 12 schedules, 5 appendices, and 115 amendments.
- One of the very well-known and important facts about our constitution is that it took around 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days to prepare the Indian Constitution.
- Dr BR Ambedkar is regarded as the Father of the Indian Constitution.
- The basic structure of the Constitution of India is based on the Government of India Act 1935.
- In 1934, Manabendra Nath Roy was the first to propose the concept of a constitution.
- Not a lot of people know this, but our Indian constitution was written in two languages, Hindi and English, and each member of the Indian constituent assembly signed both copies.
- The original handwritten copies of the Constitution are currently housed in the Library of Parliament of India in a helium-filled box covered in flannel cloth and packed with naphthalene balls.
- Prem Behari Narain Raizada was the one who wrote the original constitution by hand in a flowing italic style.
- The Constitution of India is also known as “the bag of borrowings” because it incorporated laws from various other constitutions of numerous other countries, including the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, France, Ireland, etc.
- Over 2,000 amendments were made before the Constitution was finalised.
Important Articles Of the Indian Constitution
In Total there are 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, and 5 appendices with more than 100 amendments in the Indian Constitution. listing down some of the most important articles of the Indian Constitution.
Article 12: Definition of the State
According to Article 12 of the Indian Constitution, “the state” refers to the national government and parliament as well as the national and state legislatures as well as any local or other authority operating on Indian territory or under the control of the national government.
Article 14: Equality before the Law
Article 14 of the Indian Constitution states that “the state shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India, on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.”
Article 19: Right to Freedom
According to Article 19 of the Indian Constitution, all citizens are entitled to freedom of speech and expression, the right to peaceful assembly without the use of force, the right to organise into associations or unions, the freedom to move around the Indian subcontinent at will, the right to live and settle anywhere on the country’s territory, and the right to refrain from engaging in any occupations or businesses.
Article 21A: Right to education
According to Article 21 A of the Indian Constitution, all children between the ages of six and fourteen must receive free and mandatory education in the way that the State may specify by legislation.
Article 26- Freedom to manage religious affairs
Article 26 of the constitution states that the ability to control religious issues Every religious denomination, or any section thereof, shall have the right to create and maintain organisations for religious and charitable purposes, to conduct its own business in matters of religion, to own and acquire real estate, both movable and immovable, and to manage such property in accordance with the law, subject to public order, morality, and health.