MBBS Full Form: Course Details, Syllabus, Entrance Exams, Eligibility & Jobs

mbbs course, syllabus, eligibility and jobs

A complete guide for 10+2 Science student who wants to pursue MBBS.

Course Details

The full form of MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. MBBS is an undergraduate degree program. This course is basically for the students who want to become a doctor.

The duration of MBBS programs is for 5 years and 6 months, which includes 1 year of internship which can be on a rotational basis at hospitals, health centers, and health camps organized by non-profit organizations (NGOs).

MBBS is the basic or degree level course after 12th for the medical profession. The candidates who completed the degree of MBBS are referred by the title of “Doctor” and use the prefix “Dr”.

MBBS Syllabus

The MBBS courses structure is divided into 9 semesters and the syllabus of the MBBS course is designated in such a way that MBBS degree holders can choose a specialization for further majoring and practicing medicine.

Whereas, for specialization, as a career point of view the MBBS students can opt from Cardiology, Anesthesiology, Nephrology, Organ Transplant, Endocrine, Gynecology and General Surgery, etc.

There are multiple subjects that are taught during the MBBS course and students must be aware of them. Hence, we have provided you with the list of MBBS subjects for your reference.

  • Anatomy
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Dermatology & Venereology
  • Medicine
  • Microbiology
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Anesthesiology
  • Forensic & Toxicology
  • Surgery
  • Community Medicine
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Pediatrics
  • Psychiatry
  • Orthopedics
  • Ophthalmology

Entrance Exams

Students who aspire to pursue MBBS must start preparing during their 12th or after 12th class for the below mentioned competitive entrance examinations:

  • National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET),
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences for MBBS (AIIMS MBBS) and,
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER MBBS) entrance exams.

Initially, there were two other major entrance tests for admission to MBBS courses in India: the JIPMER MBBS Exam and the AIIMS MBBS Exam. However, these examinations were completely canceled by the council in 2019 and making NEET the most important medical entrance test in India.

Therefore, to take admission to the MBBS program, a student needs to appear for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). Now, the NEET exam is the only entrance test for admission to MBBS courses and is accepted by both government and private institutions.

We would like to mention that the NEET exam is undertaken by almost every MBBS aspirant to enroll in an MBBS course in India. This important medical entrance examination is conducted across 154 test centers in India. Over 15 lacs candidates registered for NEET in 2019.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Candidates should have cleared their 10+2 exam and must secure a minimum of 50% marks for General category and 40% for reserved category students with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Zoology & Botany).
  • Students must be of Indian Nationality for admission through the All India Entrance Exam (NEET).
  • The age of the student should be 17+ as of 31st December of the year of admission.

Moreover, the candidates also must have studied English as the main subject for their qualifying examination.

Who Should Choose MBBS?

  • To become an MBBS Doctor or a healthcare professional is not only a good profession but one of the respected professions as well.
  • If one can completely dedicate themselves towards this course, only then they should opt for MBBS.
  • The course of MBBS trains you to make an impact on human life in such a unique way.
  • Also, the candidates who want to pursue the MBBS degree after 12th must be ready to take any challenge that comes his/her way, face harsh consequences, but have to be mentally strong, and also have strong determination.

Skills Required for MBBS

  • Ability to work under pressure in a dynamically changing environment.
  • Keen interest in learning new things and doing research-related work.
  • Prompt approach towards the challenges.
  • Writing skills like medical professionals.
  • Empathetic and caring approach skills.
  • Communication as well as interpersonal skills.

These are some of the most important skills, which a candidate should possess or acquire to pursue an MBBS after 12th and also when you become an MBBS graduate.

MBBS Jobs & Salary

After completing your MBBS degree you can explore various job opportunities available in the medical industry. Either it can be the role of a General Physician, Surgeon, Dietician to being a Medical Officer, Medical Coder, and more.

We can’t deny that becoming a medical professional is one of the best career option after 12th. Hence, it also has plenty of job opportunities for the candidates who have completed their MBBS degree. Research reveals that the ​​healthcare occupations are expected to grow 19 percent from 2014 to 2024, much faster than the average for all occupations, creating approximately 2.3 million new jobs.

Here are some of the MBBS job roles, along with the packages offered to them

General Physician

General Physicians check and test their patients as they are highly trained specialists who provide a range of non-surgical health care to adult patients. They also check the medical history of their patients, prescribe medications; and suggest medical tests until these problems have resolved or stabilized.

Salary Offered: Upto INR 6 Lakhs per annum

Medical Officer

Medical Officers offers medical support and advice their patients they spot problems and after proper checkup gives recommendations on health issues and disease control.

Salary Offered: Upto INR 7 Lakhs per annum


Surgeons are medical professionals who are responsible for carrying out surgeries on patients. Usually, Surgeons are the ones who have done their specializations in a specific area of medical science.

Salary Offered: Upto INR 10 Lakhs per annum


A Pediatrician is a medical practitioner is the one who treats the illness in children and examines their general growth and development.

Salary Offered: Upto INR 5.4- 7 Lakhs per annum


The profession of a Dietician is quite good and interesting. However, their work is to generally share the knowledge about healthy diet as well as to promote nutrition among the patients or the general public and prepare healthy diet plans for them.

Salary Offered: Upto INR 5 Lakhs per annum

Medical Assistant (Surgery)

The Medical assistants (surgery), usually understand the medical condition of their patient, diagnoses them, and treat their them using modern surgical techniques.

Salary Offered: Upto INR 60,000 – 80,000 Lakhs per annum


Above we have mentioned some top job prospects along with the salary offered to MBBS aspirants. However, this is not the end of the list, there are various other career aspects that you can choose after completing your MBBS degree.

We cannot deny the fact that students with science subjects around the globe usually choose to become healthcare professionals. For an MBBS graduate, there are huge job opportunities available as there is always a requirement of a medical professional in different industry sectors, such as Government and private sectors.

When we talk about the government sector, there is a huge requirement in the Indian railways and the Indian army. Hence, candidates can apply wherever they find a suitable job position for themselves.

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