The Pran Pratishtha Ceremony of the historic Ram Mandir is being held today, January 22, 2024. But it took more than 500 years to make this place Lord Rama’s official home.
The site of Rama Janmabhoomi has always been a conflicted site among two of the major religions in India. The believers in Hinduism believe that the Islamic invaders destroyed the Ram Mandir almost 500 years ago and built a mosque in the place.
However, people who followed Islam believed that there was always a mosque, and the people who destroyed the mosque to make a temple had no rights. Even when the grand Ram Mandir is ready to be inaugurated, some people are not happy with the decision.
Who was the founder of Babri Masjid?
The Ram Janmabhoomi has been a site of conflict among the believers of Hinduism and Islam since the 15th century. Babri Masjid is named after the Mughal ruler Babar, who ruled India for 4 years after defeating and killing Ibrahim Lodi (the last Sultan of the Lodi dynasty).
According to historical evidence, Mir Baqi, who was the commander of Mughal Emperor Babur, built the mosque in 1528–29. Also, the pieces of evidence reveal that before the 1940s, it was called Masjid-i Janmasthan (the mosque of the birthplace).
Babri Masjid Timeline
Some historical evidence suggests that it started when Mughal ruler Babur ordered the building of a mosque over a temple dedicated to Lord Rama in the 1500s. However, some reports also suggest that until 1859, people of both Hindu and Muslim communities used to pray together at the conflicted site.
But there’s no clear documentation available to support these claims. However, as per the records available, the first suit was filed by Mahant Raghubir Das in 1885. Das sought to build a temple on the land adjoining the mosque, but the Faizabad district magistrate did not grant permission at that time.
After that, in 1949, a Hindu priest claimed that he had dreams of Lord Rama appearing in the main dome of the mosque. Then, on December 22, the believers in Hinduism started offering by placing the deities inside the site.
Then the DM of Faizabad, KK Nayar, informed then-UP CM Govind Ballabh Pant about the incident on December 23. An FIR was registered, and the city magistrate attached the property.
In 1950, two suits were filed in Faizabad Court. The suit sought permission to offer prayers near the mosque, which was granted. However, the court ordered the inner courtyard gates to remain locked. Then, in 1961, the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Wakf Board demanded the removal of Ram Lalla idols from Babri Masjid.
After that, in 1984, the Vishva Hindu Parishad formed a group headed by Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) leader LK Advani and started the Ram Janmabhoomi movement. Then, in 1986, a district court judge ordered the removal of locks and allowed Darshan and the worship of Ram Lalla.
In the year 1989, the then Prime Minister of India, Rajeev Gandhi permitted Vishva Hindu Parishad to lay the founding stone of Ayodhya Ram Mandir near the Babri Masjid. Then in 1990, BJP Leader LK Advani performed a Rath Yatra from Gujarat’s Somnath to Ayodhya which led to one of the most deadly communal riots and almost 2000 people died.
Then in 1992, a mob demolished the Babri Masjid.
New Masjid Location
The Supreme Court appointed a five-judge bench in 2019 to hear cases. The Ram Temple has now been built at the contested site after the Supreme Court gave the verdict in favor of the Hindu side.
In addition, the top court ordered the center to provide the Sunni Waqf Board another five acres so they may construct a mosque in a prominent location in Ayodhya. To construct a mosque at Dhannipur hamlet in Sohawal tehsil of Ayodhya, the state government granted the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board five acres.