According to the latest reports, the four Jagadguru Shankaracharyas of the four mutts will not attend the inauguration ceremony of Ram Mandir. The Shankaracharyas refused to attend the consecration ceremony (Pran-prathisha) of Ram Mandir on 22 January 2024.
The Shankaracharya of Jyotishpeeth of Uttarakhand, Swani Avimukteshwaranand Saraswati stated that the four Shanakracharyas will not attend the inauguration of Ram Mandir because it is being held in violation of the rules of Sanatana Dharma.
Swani Avimukteshwaranand Saraswati said a temple represents the body of God, its peak represents God’s eyes, and the ‘Kalash’ represents the head of God. The flag on a temple is God’s hair and it is not right to do pran-pratishtha in the body without its head or eyes.
He said it goes against our scriptures, and hence he will not attend the Pran-pratishtha. “I will not be going there because if I go there, people will say scriptures have been violated in front of me,” said Shankaracharya of Jyotishpeeth, Uttarakhand, Swani Avimukteshwaranand Saraswati.
The Shankaracharya of Puri Gowardhanpeeth, Swami Nishchalanand Saraswati has also said that they will not attend the Ram Mandir inauguration ceremony as it is against the Hindu sculptures.
Who is a Shankaracharya?
According to Hindu mythology, Shankaracharya is the title used by the head of Amnaya monasteries called Matahs in the Advaita Vedanta tradition of Hinduism. The title derives from Adi Shankara; teachers from the successive line of teachers retrospectively dated back to him are known as Shankaracharyas.
As per the Hindu tradition, in the 16th century, Adi Shankara (who was an Indian Vedic scholar and teacher) set up four monasteries known as Matahas or Peethams in the East, West, North, and South of India, to be held by realized men who are now known as Shankaracharyas.
Adi Shankara wrote commentaries and briefed about the Upanishads, Brahmasutras, and Bhagavad Gita and established the four mutts, which are located in Badrinath, Jagannath Puri, Dwarka, and Shringeri. The four Shanakracharyas of all four Mutths are described below:
1. Swami Avimukteshwaranand Saraswati
Swami Avimukteshwaranand Saraswati is the Jagadguru Shankaracharya of the Jyotimath of Joshimath, Uttarakhand. In 2022, after the death of his Guru, Swami Swaroopanand Saraswati, Swami Avimukteshwaran was crowned as the Jyotrimath Shankaracharya and he is 46th Shankaracharya of Jyotish Peeth
2. Swami Sadanand Saraswati
Swami Sadanand Saraswati is the Shankaracharya of Dwarka Sharada Peetham Math and is also known as Kalika Matha. At the age of 62 and after the death of his guru Swami Swarupananda Saraswati, Swami Sadanand Saraswati achieved the position of Shankaracharya, the Supreme Guru of Sanatan Dharma.
3. Sri Bharati Tirtha
Swami Sri Bharati Tirtha is the 36th Jagadguru Shankaracharya of Sringeri Sri Sharada Peetham. He has been under the guidance of his Guru Sri Abhinava Vidyatheertha Mahaswamiji for about 15 years and in 1989 Swami Sri Bharati Tritha was crowned as the Shankaracharya of Sringeri Sri Sharada Peetham. Since then he has been guiding the innumerable spiritual aspirants.
4. Swami Nischalananda Saraswati
Swami Nischalananda Saraswati is the current and 145th Jagadguru of Shankaracharya of the Puruvamnaya Sri Govardhana Peetham of Jagannath Puri, Odisha. Swami Nishalananda Saraswati was born in 1943 and he was appointed as the Shanakryachra of Puri on 9 February 1992 by his guru and head Shankaracharya Swami Niranjanadeva Tirtha Maharaj.
Are Shankaracharyas against Ram Mandir Opening?
A. Swani Avimukteshwaranand Saraswati, Swami Sadanand Saraswati, Swami Sri Bharati Tirtha, and Swami Nischalananda Saraswati are the four Shankaracharyas.
A. Shankaracharya is the title used by the head of Amnaya monasteries called Matahs in the Advaita Vedanta tradition of Hinduism
A. As per all the Shankaracharyas, it is not appropriate to do Pran-pratishtha without the compulsion of the temple, as per Hindu scriptures.
A. Swami Avimukteshwaranand Saraswati is the Jagadguru Shankaracharya of the Jyotimath of Joshimath, Uttarakhand.