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Constitution Day of India 2021: Date, History, Significance and all Important Details

Constitution Day of India
Constitution Day of India/ eoi.gov.in

On November 26, 1949, the Constituent Assembly took on the Constitution of India, and it was commemorated then on January 26, 1950.

While January 26 is praised as Republic Day, beginning around 2015, November 26 has been seen as the Constitution Day of India or ‘Samvidhan Divas’. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Dr. B.R Ambedkar, and Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel were the founding fathers of the constitution of India.

Constitution Day of India History

In May 2015, the Union Cabinet declared that November 26 will be seen as Constitution Day to advance “constitutional values among residents”. This was the year that denoted the 125th birth commemoration of BR Ambedkar, the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constitution. Different individuals included Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, and Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, among others.

The central government’s choice was viewed as a transition to guarantee Ambedkar’s heritage, in a bid to contact the Dalit people group. Following the Cabinet meeting in 2015, then, at that point, Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Thawar Chand Gehlot said, “Rahul Gandhi and his party never regarded Ambedkar. Neither did he get the Bharat Ratna nor was his oil painting introduced in Parliament premises as long as Congress was in power.”

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At that point, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment chose to attempt a few exercises to advance Ambedkar’s thoughts and theory, which incorporated the setting up of the Ambedkar International Center at 15, Janpath at an expense of over Rs 197 crore.

On November 19, 2015, the public authority officially advised November 26 as Constitution Day. Before this, the day was seen as National Law Day.

“This year, the nation is celebrating the 125th birth Anniversary of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. The ‘Constitution Day’ will be a piece of this extended nation’s year-long celebrations. This will be an accolade for Dr. Ambedkar, who assumed an original part in the outlining of the Indian Constitution as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of Constituent Assembly,” an official statement given by the Press Information Bureau said in 2015.

Series of Events

The Constituent Assembly, the body intended to draft the Constitution of India, held its first meeting on December 9, 1946, which was run by 207 individuals, including nine ladies. At first, the gathering had 389 individuals, yet after the partition and independence of India, the strength was decreased to 299. The gathering took more than three years to draft the constitution, going through more than 114 days considering the whole write-up of the draft alone.

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On December 13, 1946, Nehru moved the “Destinations Resolution” that was subsequently taken on as the Preamble on January 22, 1947.

The Drafting Committee led by Ambedkar was one among the more than 17 councils of the Constituent Assembly. They prepared a Draft Constitution for India. Out of nearly 7,600 changes postponed, this council disposed of around 2,400 corrections while discussing and thinking about the constitution.

The last meeting of the Constituent Assembly finished on November 26, 1949, when the Constitution was embraced, and after two months on January 26, 1950, it was observed, after the signing of 284 individuals. The date, January 26 was opted, since the Congress’ Poorna Swaraj goal was announced on this day in the year 1930.

How is Constitution Day Of India Celebrated?

Though it is not a public holiday, the constitution day of India is celebrated in government offices and schools. The way they celebrate it is different in different places. For instance, in schools, the students are made to read the preamble of the Indian Constitution.

Apart from this, the school also organizes different competitions, like essays and quizzes, which are totally based on the Constitution of India. Teachers engage in delivering lectures on the constitution of India. Various colleges also conduct debate competitions with topics related to the same.

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Constitution Of India

The Constitution of India proclaims India as a sovereign, communist, equal country, guaranteeing its resident’s equity, equality, and freedom and tries to bring about a change in society. The preface was corrected by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1976, in which three new words Socialist, Secular, and Integrity were added.

The Indian Constitution portrays the major political code, structure, techniques, forces, and obligations of the public authority foundations. It additionally clarifies key freedoms, mandate standards, and the obligations of residents.

India’s constitution is the longest composed constitution on the planet, with 1,17,369 words in English. It took around 2 years, 11 months, and 17 days to finish the Constitution. Hence, Constitution Day of India is commended on November 26.

A few provisions of the Indian Constitution have been acquired from ten nations, including Britain, Japan, USA, Germany, Australia, South Africa, Ireland, and Canada.

“Socialist” was added to the Preamble of the Constitution during the crisis, by the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976. The Preamble has been altered just once up until now.

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