Also referred to as ‘The land of the forest” or ‘Bushland’, Jharkhand is located in northeastern India. Jharkhand shares its border with neighboring states like Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east.
The Chota Nagpur region was removed from Bihar to form Jharkhand state, the 28th state of India, on November 15 in the year 2000.
Jharkhand Foundation Day History
Jharkhand was established by the Bihar Reorganization Act on November 15 in the year 2000. Earlier, it comprised a portion of the southern half of Bihar. November 15 is also the birth anniversary of Bhagwan Birsa Munda.
Jharkhand possesses the forests of Chhotanagpur plateau and Santhal Pargana and follows different cultural traditions. After independence, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha’s regular rallies caused the government to form the Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council in 1995 and then an independent State.
Jharkhand State Details
Area– 79,716 sq. km (approx.)
Population (as per mid-2020)– approx. 38,593,948
No. of Districts– 24
National Highways– 1844 Km
State Highways– 6880 Km
Rank according to Area– 15
Rank according to population– 14
Density – 22,429 sq. km.
Jharkhand State Animal– Indian Elephant
Jharkhand State Bird– Koel
Jharkhand Flower– Palash
Jharkhand Tree– Sal
Jharkhand’s Chota Nagpur Plateau comprises rivers like Damodar, Kharkai, Brahmani, Koel, and Subarnarekha. The state is mostly covered with forests and provides a natural habitat for tigers and Asian elephants.
Red soil, laterite soil, sandy soil, and black soil comprise the terrain of Jharkhand. The state most commonly witnesses three seasons namely, the cold weather, the hot weather, and the monsoon weather. November to February is the winter season, March to mid-June is the summer season, and mid-June to October is the rainy season.
Jharkhand Key Facts
- Jharkhand state has mineral resources in abundances like coal, iron ore, copper ore, uranium, mica, bauxite, granite, limestone, silver, graphite, magnetite, and dolomite.
- Jharkhand has gained Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows worth US$ 113 million from April 2000 to December 2018, according to the data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
- Agriculture is the major source of livelihood for around 80% rural population of Jharkhand.
- Rice is the major food crop of Jharkhand.
- Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) is the most exclusive power project of Jharkhand.
- Major hospitals of Jharkhand are located in Ranchi, Jamshedpur, and Dhanbad. The state possesses around 500 medical facilities.
- People die mostly of respiration issues, diarrhea, and dysentery in Jharkhand.
- Ranchi University, Sido Kanhu Murmu University, Vinoba Bhave University, Birsa Agriculture University, are among the good universities in the state.
- Chau is the most famous dance form of Jharkhand which is a masked tribal dance.
Due to Corona, this time the foundation day celebrations of JMM will be celebrated with simplicity. This time a big event will not be organized in the Dumka district of Santal Parganas. The foundation day celebrations of the party will be celebrated with simplicity in all the districts and blocks.