According to a World Health Organisation report, Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women. As per estimation, close to 6 lakh women were diagnosed with Cervical cancer in the year 2020.
Although as common as cervical cancer is it is also the most curable if diagnosed at the early stages. The countries with the greatest rates of cervical cancer are those in Southeast Asia, Central America, and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).
According to a WHO research, women living with HIV have a six-fold increased risk of developing cervical cancer in comparison to the general population. HIV is thought to be the cause of 5% of cervical cancer cases.
What is Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Most cervical cancers are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection.
However, not all women with HPV will develop cervical cancer, as various factors contribute to its development. Factors that increase the risk of cervical cancer include HPV infection, smoking, a weakened immune system, having multiple sexual partners, early sexual activity, and a family history of cervical cancer.
In its early stages, cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms. However, as the cancer progresses, symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, pain during sexual intercourse, and unusual vaginal discharge.
Is Vaccine Necessary for Cervical Cancer?
Diagnosis of cervical cancer typically involves a pelvic exam, Pap test, HPV test, colposcopy (examination of the cervix using a special magnifying instrument), biopsy (removal of a small sample of tissue for examination under a microscope), and imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI.
Treatment options for cervical cancer depend on the stage of the cancer, the patient’s overall health, and other factors. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these treatments.
While the HPV vaccine is not mandatory in many places, it is strongly recommended by healthcare professionals and public health authorities as a safe and effective way to prevent cervical cancer and other HPV-related diseases. Individuals and parents need to discuss vaccination with their healthcare providers to make informed decisions about their health and well-being.
Cervical Cancer FAQs
A. Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix.
A. Cervical cancers are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection.
A. Yes, Vaccine is necessary for women to avoid Cervical cancer.
A. Close to 6 lakh women were diagnosed with Cervical cancer in the year 2020 as per a report by WHO.